Resilient and hassle-free as it is beautiful, the Arrowwood shrub is a lovely addition to any fall garden landscape, attracting a variety of wildlife thanks to its offerings of glossy berries in the autumn and bright white flowers in the spring. The Arrowwood was named thus because its long straight stems were once used by Native Americans to fashion their arrows; the bark was revered for its medicinal properties. Today the shrub is typically celebrated in less intense scenarios, as when its glorious foliage renders it into a breathtaking autumnal masterpiece.
Today, it can be found throughout the entire eastern United States, spreading as far westward as Iowa and Texas. Renowned as a resilient and manageable plant, the adaptable Arrowwood thrives in full sun to partial shade; as a shrub, it grows to an average height of 6-10 ft. with a respective spread. It prefers medium, well-drained soils, and has a hardiness rating of 2-8, tolerating a variety of environments and not demanding much attention.
Scientifically classified as Viburnum Dentatum and belonging to the Adoxaceae family, the Arrowwood is also known as “Southern Arrowwood” and “Roughish Arrowwood”. It is characterized by its thick and deciduous foliage, its pale flower clusters, and its gorgeous dark berries. These berries—glossy, bunched, and ranging in color from porcelain-blue to bluish-black—grow in abundance, attracting birds and other wildlife. The Arrowwood’s leaves are oval or elliptic, coarsely toothed, deeply veined, and yellowish green in color; they shift to breathtaking shades of burgundy, gold, and crimson-purple in the autumn months. Its flowers begin to blossom from April to May, erupting in flat-topped clusters of creamy white, before giving way to those vibrant spherical berries that last throughout the summer and autumn. The Arrowwood’s bark is smooth and reddish-brown or gray, with protuberant cream-colored pores. It is also characterized by its multi-stemmed structure, with many shoots protruding from its base and gracefully tapering into arrays of upright arching branches.
Given its rounded crown and moderate size, its year-round splashes of color, and the fact of its easy maintenance, the Arrowwood is prized as an ornamental shrub. Highly adaptable, it can be easily propagated via greenwood cuttings in the summer and is easy to transplant and group.
Photos Dow Gardens, Bugwood.org
Photos Copyright © Horticopia, Inc. 2017
This Tree's Zone: 2 to 8
Your Growing Zone:
|Foliage||Medium to dark green|
|Bloom Time||May to June|
|Sun||Full sun to part shade|
|Size||10 to 6 feet|
|Spread||10 to 6 feet|