The Norway Maple packs a lot of punch in its dense foliage, offering abundant shade in the warmer months and a cheerful patchwork of yellow fall colors during the cooler ones. Resilient against forces of nature and man alike, it resists ice storms and air pollution, countering these challenges with an enthusiastic growth rate and extensive seed production. This species was introduced to the U.S. in the 1700s and almost immediately became a widespread boulevard tree due to its attractive appeal, ample shade, hardiness, and ease of transplanting.
Today the Norway Maple can be found throughout the eastern United States and is adaptable to a variety of soil extremes and climate conditions, with a 3-7 hardiness zone rating. It portrays admirable resilience against pollution, compact soils, and other such urban concerns, rendering it a suitable specimen for city settings. The Norway Maple’s rounded crown can reach heights of 40-50 ft., though it has occasionally been known to reach nearly 100 ft. It thrives best when exposed to full sun or partial shade, and when there is ample space for it to spread its root network, which may otherwise girdle around the tree and destroy it. The Norway Maple’s tendency to grow its roots very close to the ground’s surface, its dense canopy which inhibits understory growth, and the fact that it attracts less wildlife than other (likely tastier) type of maple are all characteristics which provide this species with a competitive edge against other plant species seeking to thrive in the same space.
Like other maples, “Acer Platanoides”, as it is botanically classified, belongs to the Sapindaceae family, distinguished by its palmate leaves showcased in an opposite arrangement, its small flowers, and its distinctive samaras (seed structures also known as “helicopters”, which are shaped to spin as they fall and thus cover more distance when carried by the wind). The Norway Maple is especially characterized by its earlier seed production (as compared to other maples), by the milky fluid found within its stems (which is whiter than that of other maples), and its more triangular leaves and grooved bark. In the autumn, the Norway Maple’s deciduous foliage brightens to shades of cheery yellow and dark gold, adding a charming rupture of color to the fall landscape.
Photos Copyright © Horticopia, Inc. 2017
This Tree's Zone: 3 to 7
Your Growing Zone:
|Bloom Time||March to April|
|Shape||Symmetrical, rounded crown|
|Sun||Full sun to part shade|
|Size||40 to 50 feet|
|Spread||30 to 50 feet|