Pine, Eastern White
Distinguished as the tallest tree of eastern North America, the easily maintained Eastern White Pine can function as an extremely impressive specimen for parks and lawns, coveted as a shade and ornamental tree…
What distinguishes the lovely Eastern White Pine?
- Tallest eastern North American tree.
- Moderately fast-growing, with its greatest growth spurt (roughly 3 ft. per year) occurring between the ages of 15-45.
- Easily cared for, demanding minimal maintenance and simply requiring adequate space to accommodate for its sizeable growth as a shade tree.
- Valuable source of nourishment and shelter for a wide range of wildlife.
- Used in traditional medicine thanks to its various homeopathic properties.
- Highly valued wood, prized for its straight grain, lightweight hardiness, and length.
Keeping up appearances…
Normally looming up to a magnificent height of 50-80 ft. with a 20-40 ft. span, the Eastern White Pine’s oval-round canopy shades its reddish-brown bark. The fast-growing shade tree’s soft needled leaves are dark green with a bluish tint, finely serrated, long, and segregated in fascicles of five. They cling to the branches for approximately 18 months before being naturally shed. The White Pine produces its first set of cones, cylindrical and chocolatey-brown, after 5-10 years.
A friendly recommendation.
Native to the eastern uplands and mixed forests ranging from Newfoundland to Minnesota and southward to Georgia and Alabama, the White Pine is also known as “Eastern White Pine”, “Northern White Pine”, “Weymouth Pine”, and “Soft Pine”. The nonflowering evergreen White Pine, like most pine variants in the Pinaceae family, grows optimally in medium, well-drained soils, and boasts a 3-8 hardiness zone rating. It prefers full sun to partial shade.
Awesome tree trivia!
- In pre-colonial stands, some specimens were reported to grow up to a skyscraping 230 ft.! The tallest current champion, as recorded by the Native Tree Society, stands at a remarkable 188 ft.
- Among the Iroquois tribe, the Eastern White Pine is known as “the Tree of Peace”, and serves as a legendary symbol of solidarity of the League of Five Nations; as historian and museologist (and adopted Seneca tribe member) A. C. Parker published in the early 1900s: “Weapons would be buried under [such] a tree to seal a peace agreement. A tree might even be uprooted to create a cavity for these weapons. The replanted tree on top would become a tree of peace.”
- The Eastern White Pine’s wood has been used extensively for construction, furniture, cabinetry, and handcrafts, and was once prized as the primary wood used for ship masts.
Pictures T. Davis Sydnor, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Pictures Keith Kanoti, Maine Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Pictures Becca MacDonald, Bugwood.org
This Tree's Zone: 3 to 8
Your Growing Zone:
|Sun||Full sun to partial shade|
|Size||50 to 80 feet|
|Spread||20 to 40 feet|